Japan Bangladesh Friendship Hospital

Japan Bangladesh Friendship Hospital



   

Vaccination in Bangladesh

Malaria in Bangladesh: prophylaxis is recommended for all areas except the city of Dhaka. Malaria epidemics occur especially in the northeast and southeast parts of the country.

Hepatitis A: It should be given at least two weeks(preferably four weeks or more) before departure. A booster should be given 6-12 months later to confer long-term immunity.

Typhoid vaccine: It is generally given in an oral form (Vivotif Berna) consisting of four capsules taken on alternate days until completed. The capsules should be kept refrigerated and taken with cool liquid. Side-effects are uncommon and may include abdominal discomfort, nausea, rash or hive.

Polio vaccine: It is recommended, because of the persistence of polio in Bangladesh. Any adult who received the recommended childhood immunizations but never had a booster as an adult should be given a single dose of inactivated polio vaccine.

Japanese encephalitis vaccine: It is recommended for those who expect to spend a month or more in rural areas and for short-term travelers who may spend substantial time outdoors or engage in extensive outdoor activities in rural or agricultural areas, especially in the evening.

Hepatitis B: A full series consists of three intramuscular doses given at 0, 1 and 6 months. Engerix-B is also approved for administration at 0, 1, 2, and 12 months, which may be appropriate for travelers departing in less than 6 months. Side-effects are generally mild and may include discomfort at the injection site and low-grade fever. Severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis) occur rarely.

Rabies: A complete pre-exposure series consists of three doses of vaccine injected into the deltoid muscle on days 0, 7, and 21 or 28. Side-effects may include pain at the injection site, headache, nausea, abdominal pain, muscle aches, dizziness, or allergic reactions.

Tetanus-diphtheria vaccine: It is recommended for all travelers who have not received a tetanus-diphtheria immunization within the last 10 years.

Cholera vaccine: These vaccines, where available, are recommended only for high-risk individuals, such as relief workers, health professionals, and those traveling to remote areas where cholera epidemics are occurring and there is limited access to medical care.

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