Japan Bangladesh Friendship Hospital

Japan Bangladesh Friendship Hospital



   

Types of Vaccines

There are several types of vaccines, each well-suited to prevent different diseases. When administered, vaccines trigger your body's defenses which create antibodies to fight the bacteria or virus. The small amount of virus or bacteria that vaccines contain is much weaker than what your child may encounter naturally, and are designed to prepare the immune system to defend against the disease. The scientific community chooses what type of vaccine to develop based upon the characteristics of the infecting agent (bacteria, virus or toxin), and then works to make the safest vaccine possible. Over time, the type of vaccine may change for a given disease. For example, protection from polio infection in the United States was once achieved by getting the oral polio vaccine which is a live attenuated vaccine (see below). The drawback to that vaccine was that some people could get polio from the vaccine. But once polio was declared eradicated in the United States, we switched to the Inactivated Polio Vaccine which cannot cause the recipient of the vaccine to get polio.

Therapeutic Area: Vaccines

Brand Name

Active Ingredients

Engerix B

Hepatitis B Surface antigen (HBsAg)

Havrix

Inactivated hepatitis A virus (HM175 hepatitis A virus strain)

Varilrix

Oka strain of varicella zoster virus

Tritanrix HB

Diptheria (D), Tetanus (T) toxoids, inactivated pertussis (Pw) bacteria and purified surface antigen of hepatitie B virus

Priorix

Attenuated Schwarz measles, RIT 4385 mumps (Jeryl Lynn strain) and Wistar RA 27/3 rubella strain of viruses

Typherix

Vi polysaccharide from Salmonella typhi Ty2 strain

Mencevax-ACWY

Lyophilised preparation of purified polysaccharides from Neisseria Meningitidis of serogroups A, C, W135 and Y

Hiberix

Polyribosyl-ribitol-phosphate capsular polysaccharide (PRP) of Hib

Rotarix

Live-attenuated rotavirus vaccine

Infanrix-Hexa

Diphtheria, Tetanus, Acellular Pertussis, Hepatitis B Recombinant, Inactivated Poliomyelitis, Conjugated Haemophilus Influenzae Type B

Cervarix

Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Type 16 and 18

Synflorix

Pneumococcal polysaccharide and Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NHTi) protein D conjugate vaccine,absorbed

Fluarix

Inactivated Influenza Vaccine

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